- District 2
Existing law generally requires the State Department of Public Health to license, inspect, and regulate health facilities, including hospitals. Existing law requires health facilities to meet specified cost and disclosure requirements, including maintaining an understandable written policy regarding discount payments and charity. Existing law establishes the Department of Health Care Access and Information (HCAI) to oversee various aspects of the health care market, including oversight of hospital facilities and community benefit plans. Existing law, the Knox-Keene Health Care Service Plan Act of 1975 (Knox-Keene Act) , provides for the licensure and regulation of health care service plans by the Department of Managed Health Care. Violation of the Knox-Keene Act is a misdemeanor. Existing law also provides for the regulation of health insurers by the Department of Insurance. Existing law requires each department to develop and adopt regulations to ensure that enrollees and insureds have access to needed health care services in a timely manner. Existing law requires that health care service plans and health insurers submit rates to their regulating entity for review. This bill would establish, within HCAI, the Office of Health Care Affordability to analyze the health care market for cost trends and drivers of spending, develop data-informed policies for lowering health care costs for consumers and purchasers, set and enforce cost targets, and create a state strategy for controlling the cost of health care and ensuring affordability for consumers and purchasers. The bill would also establish the Health Care Affordability Board, composed of 8 members, appointed as prescribed. The bill would require the board to establish a statewide health care cost target, as defined, for the 2025 calendar year, and specific targets for each health care sector, including fully integrated delivery system sector and geographic region, and for an individual health care entity, as appropriate, for the 2028 calendar year. The bill, commencing in 2026, would require the office to take progressive actions against health care entities for failing to meet the cost targets, including performance improvement plans and escalating administrative penalties. The bill would establish the Health Care Affordability Fund for the purpose of receiving and, upon appropriation by the Legislature, expending revenues collected pursuant to the provisions of the bill. The bill would require the office to set standards for various health care metrics, including health care quality and equity, alternative payment models, primary care and behavioral health investments, and health care workforce stability. The bill would require the office to gather data and present a report on baseline health care spending trends and underlying factors on or before June 1, 2025. On or before June 1, 2026, the bill would require the office to prepare and publish annual reports concerning health care spending trends and underlying factors, along with policy recommendations to control costs and the other stated metrics. The bill would require the Director of the Department of Health Care Access and Information to call for public statements on findings of the annual report and to solicit and collect comments from the public and purchasers, as specified. The bill would require the office to monitor cost trends in the health care market and to examine health care mergers, acquisitions, corporate affiliations, or other transactions that entail material changes to ownership, operations, or governance of health care service plans, insurers, hospitals or hospital systems, physician organizations, pharmacy benefit managers, and other health care entities. The bill would require the health care entities to provide the office with written notice, as specified, of agreements and transactions that would sell, transfer, lease, exchange, option, encumber, convey, or otherwise dispose of a material amount of assets, or that would transfer control, responsibility, or governance of a material amount of the assets or operations to one or more entities. The bill would require the office to conduct a cost and market impact review, as specified, if it finds that the change is likely to have a risk of a significant impact on market competition, the state's ability to meet cost targets, or costs for purchasers and consumers. The bill would prohibit an agreement or transaction for which a cost and market impact review proceeds to be implemented without a written waiver from the office or until 30 days after the office issues its final report. The bill would require the health care entity to pay specified costs associated with that review and completing the report. The bill would require health care service plans and health insurers, in submitting rates for review, to demonstrate the impact of any changes in the rate of growth of health care costs resulting from the health care cost targets. By creating a new crime under the Knox-Keene Act, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program. Existing constitutional provisions require that a statute that limits the right of access to the meetings of public bodies or the writings of public officials and agencies be adopted with findings demonstrating the interest protected by the limitation and the need for protecting that interest. This bill would make legislative findings to that effect. This bill would declare that its provisions are severable. The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement. This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
From committee chair, with author's amendments: Amend, and re-refer to committee. Read second time, amended, and re-referred to Com. on HEALTH.
In Senate. Read first time. To Com. on RLS. for assignment.
Read third time. Passed. Ordered to the Senate. (Ayes 51. Noes 14.)
Read third time and amended. Ordered to third reading. (Ayes 57. Noes 13.)
Read second time. Ordered to third reading.
Read second time and amended. Ordered returned to second reading.
From committee: Amend, and do pass as amended. (Ayes 12. Noes 2.) (May 20).
Read second time and amended.
From committee: Amend, and do pass as amended and re-refer to Com. on APPR. (Ayes 12. Noes 0.) (April 6).
From printer. May be heard in committee March 21.
Read first time. To print.
|Bill Text Versions||Format|
|02/18/21 - Introduced|
|04/13/21 - Amended Assembly|
|05/24/21 - Amended Assembly|
|06/01/21 - Amended Assembly|
|02/14/22 - Amended Senate|
|04/06/21- Assembly Health|
|04/26/21- Assembly Appropriations|
|05/25/21- ASSEMBLY FLOOR ANALYSIS|
|06/03/21- ASSEMBLY FLOOR ANALYSIS|
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