SB 856

  • California Senate Bill
  • 2021-2022 Regular Session
  • Introduced in Senate Jan 19, 2022
  • Senate
  • Assembly
  • Governor

Wild pigs: validations.

Bill Subjects

Wild Pigs: Validations.

Abstract

(1) Existing law defines the term "wild pig" for purposes of managing, taking, or hunting that species and classifies the wild pig as a game mammal. Under existing law, a mammal occurring naturally in California that is not a game mammal, fully protected mammal, or fur-bearing mammal is a nongame mammal. Existing law requires the Department of Fish and Wildlife to prepare a plan for the management of wild pigs and lists certain content that may be included in the plan. Existing law requires a person to procure, as specified, either a hunting license and a wild pig tag or a depredation permit in order to take a wild pig. However, existing law provides that any wild pig that is encountered while in the act of inflicting injury to, or damaging or destroying, or threatening to immediately damage or destroy, land or other property may be taken immediately by the owner or the owner's employee or agent, as specified. Under existing law, a violation of the Fish and Game Code is a crime. This bill would revise and recast the provisions applicable to wild pigs by, among other things, specifying that the wild pig is not a game mammal or nongame mammal, but rather is an exotic game mammal, a term defined to include wild pigs, feral pigs, and wild boar. The bill would expand the definition of "wild pig" to include any pig that has 2 or more specified phenotypical characteristics and that does not have a permanent mark or visible tag, as specified, and any free-roaming pig, feral pig, or European wild boar having no visible tags, markings, or characteristics indicating that the pig or boar is from a domestic herd. The bill would make conforming changes to reflect the creation of the separate category of exotic game mammal. This bill would replace the wild pig tag requirement with a wild pig validation that would authorize a person who procures the validation to take any number of wild pigs specified by the Fish and Game Commission during the license year of the validation. The bill would set the price of a wild pig validation at $15 for residents and $50 for nonresidents for the 2022 license year, and would provide for increases pursuant to a specified inflation index. This bill would prohibit the department from limiting the number of wild pigs to be taken under a depredation permit or based on the sex of the wild pig. This bill would also prohibit a person from intentionally or knowingly releasing any hog, boar, pig, or swine to live in a wild or feral state upon public or private land and would prohibit a person from engaging in, sponsoring, or assisting in the operation of a contained hunting preserve, as defined, of wild pig, feral pig, European wild boar, or domestic swine within this state. The bill would also prohibit the use of poison to take exotic game mammals. This bill would require the commission to adopt regulations governing the transportation of a wild pig carcass and the reporting of any take of a wild pig, as specified. The bill, commencing January 1, 2023, would make the requirement that the department prepare a plan for the management of wild pigs contingent on an appropriation for that purpose, and would require that the plan be prepared no later than January 1, 2024, and updated no later than January 1 in years ending in 0 or 5. The bill would require inclusion in the plan of certain of the content listed in existing law for discretionary inclusion. This bill would make other nonsubstantive and conforming changes to these provisions. These provisions, except where otherwise noted, would become operative on July 1, 2023. Because a violation of these new provisions would be a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program. (2) Existing law requires that funds deposited in the Big Game Management Account be available for expenditure upon appropriation by the Legislature to the Department of Fish and Wildlife only for certain purposes, including, among other things, to implement programs to benefit wild pigs. This bill, beginning July 1, 2023, would eliminate the authorization to expend those funds to implement programs to benefit wild pigs, and instead authorize their expenditure for the use of hunting to manage wild pigs. (3) Existing law makes it unlawful for any person to import any swine into this state except for immediate slaughter unless the person procures a health certificate and an import permit from the Department of Food and Agriculture prior to the shipment or movement of the swine. Under existing law, a violation of the Food and Agricultural Code is a crime. This bill, beginning July 1, 2023, would require the Department of Food and Agriculture to adopt regulations to require a person who possesses a domestic swine that has 2 or more phenotypical characteristics, as described, of a wild pig, to identify the swine with a brand, tattoo, or other permanent mark or visible tag approved by the department. Because a violation of this provision would be a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program. (4) Existing law creates the Shared Habitat Alliance for Recreational Enhancement (SHARE) program in the Department of Fish and Wildlife, which is designed to improve public access to private or landlocked public land and provides that participating landowners will be compensated with monetary payment and liability protection for providing access to or through their land for recreational use and enjoyment of wildlife. Existing law provides that the SHARE program is funded with SHARE access permit application fees through the department. This bill, beginning July 1, 2023, would require the department to work with landowners to mitigate depredation by sport hunting, including the application of the SHARE program. (5) Existing law provides that, if a person with a lifetime hunting license pays a premium, the person shall annually be issued a deer tag application and 5 wild pig tags. Beginning July 1, 2023, this bill would alternately provide for a person who pays the premium be issued a deer tag application, a wild pig validation, and 8 Shared Habitat Alliance for Recreational Enhancement access permit applications. (6) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement. This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.

Bill Sponsors (1)

Votes


Actions


May 19, 2022

Senate

From committee: Do pass as amended. (Ayes 5. Noes 1.) (May 19).

Senate

Read second time and amended. Ordered to second reading.

May 13, 2022

Senate

Set for hearing May 19.

Apr 04, 2022

Senate

April 4 hearing: Placed on APPR suspense file.

Mar 25, 2022

Senate

Set for hearing April 4.

Mar 09, 2022

Senate

Read second time and amended. Re-referred to Com. on APPR.

  • Amendment-Passage
  • Reading-1
  • Reading-2
  • Referral-Committee
Com. on APPR.

Mar 08, 2022

Senate

From committee: Do pass as amended and re-refer to Com. on APPR. (Ayes 7. Noes 0. Page 3048.) (March 8).

Feb 11, 2022

Senate

Set for hearing March 8.

Feb 07, 2022

Senate

(Ayes 31. Noes 6.)

Senate

Art. IV. Sec. 8(a) of the Constitution dispensed with.

Senate

Joint Rule 55 suspended. (Ayes 31. Noes 6. Page 2880.)

Jan 26, 2022

Senate

Referred to Com. on N.R. & W.

  • Referral-Committee
Com. on N.R. & W.

Jan 20, 2022

Senate

From printer. May be acted upon on or after February 19.

Jan 19, 2022

Senate

Introduced. Read first time. To Com. on RLS. for assignment. To print.

Bill Text

Bill Text Versions Format
SB856 HTML
01/19/22 - Introduced PDF
03/09/22 - Amended Senate PDF
05/19/22 - Amended Senate PDF

Related Documents

Document Format
03/02/22- Senate Natural Resources and Water PDF
03/31/22- Senate Appropriations PDF
05/19/22- Senate Appropriations PDF

Sources

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