SB 94

  • California Senate Bill
  • 2023-2024 Regular Session
  • Introduced in Senate Jan 18, 2023
  • Passed Senate May 24, 2023
  • Assembly
  • Governor

Recall and resentencing: special circumstances.


Existing law provides for various specified special circumstances, including murder committed for financial gain or committed during the commission or attempted commission of certain felonies, which, if found true as specified, require a defendant found guilty of murder in the first degree to be sentenced to death or imprisonment for life without the possibility of parole. Existing law, added by Proposition 115 of the June 5, 1990, statewide primary election, prohibits a judge from striking or dismissing any special circumstance that is admitted by plea or found true by a jury or court, as specified. Existing law generally authorizes a court to dismiss an action or to strike or dismiss an enhancement in the furtherance of justice, except if dismissal of that enhancement is prohibited by any initiative statute. This bill would authorize an individual serving a sentence of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for a conviction in which one or more special circumstances were found to be true to petition for recall and resentencing if the offense occurred before June 5, 1990, and the individual has served at least 25 years in custody. The bill would authorize the court to modify the petitioner's sentence to impose a lesser sentence and apply any changes in law that reduce sentences or provide for judicial discretion, or to vacate the petitioner's conviction and impose judgment on a lesser included offense, as specified. The bill would require a court to consider and afford great weight to evidence offered by the petitioner to prove that specified mitigating circumstances are present. The bill would provide that proof of the presence of one or more specified mitigating circumstances weighs greatly in favor of dismissing a special circumstance, unless the court finds that petitioner is currently an unreasonable risk of danger to public safety, as defined. The bill would require the court to appoint the State Public Defender or other qualified counsel for an indigent petitioner.

Bill Sponsors (6)



Jun 01, 2023


Referred to Com. on PUB. S.

  • Referral-Committee
Com. on PUB. S.

May 25, 2023


In Assembly. Read first time. Held at Desk.

May 24, 2023


Read third time. Passed. (Ayes 22. Noes 12.) Ordered to the Assembly.

May 22, 2023


Read second time. Ordered to third reading.

May 18, 2023


Read second time and amended. Ordered to second reading.


From committee: Do pass as amended. (Ayes 5. Noes 2.) (May 18).

May 12, 2023


Set for hearing May 18.

Apr 24, 2023


April 24 hearing: Placed on APPR suspense file.

Apr 14, 2023


Set for hearing April 24.

Apr 11, 2023


From committee: Do pass and re-refer to Com. on APPR. (Ayes 4. Noes 1. Page 658.) (April 11). Re-referred to Com. on APPR.

  • Committee-Passage
  • Committee-Passage-Favorable
  • Referral-Committee
Com. on APPR.

Mar 23, 2023


From committee with author's amendments. Read second time and amended. Re-referred to Com. on PUB S.

  • Amendment-Passage
  • Committee-Passage
  • Reading-1
  • Reading-2
  • Referral-Committee
Com. on PUB S.

Mar 16, 2023


Set for hearing April 11.

Jan 25, 2023


Referred to Com. on PUB S.

  • Referral-Committee
Com. on PUB S.

Jan 19, 2023


From printer. May be acted upon on or after February 18.

Jan 18, 2023


Introduced. Read first time. To Com. on RLS. for assignment. To print.

Bill Text

Bill Text Versions Format
01/18/23 - Introduced PDF
03/23/23 - Amended Senate PDF
05/18/23 - Amended Senate PDF

Related Documents

Document Format
04/07/23- Senate Public Safety PDF
04/21/23- Senate Appropriations PDF
05/18/23- Senate Appropriations PDF
05/23/23- Sen. Floor Analyses PDF


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